Accommodation of Islam (AOI) Index

This data set includes index figures that gauge the extent to which Western countries accommodate Islamic traditions and practices. The index is made up of six major realms in which Muslim communities seek accommodation: (1) education (the teaching of Islam in public schools, and state funding for schools owned by Muslim institutions), (2) access for Muslim clergy to hospitals, prisons and the military for chaplaincy services, (3) mosques (permits for mosques, restrictions on Islamic architectural elements such as domes and minarets, restrictions on the call-to-prayer), (4) Muslim cemeteries or cemetery sections, (5) restrictions on Islamic attire, and (6) halal food (ritual/unstunned slaughter, and the provision of halal food). The figures for these six categories average out to create an overall index score for each country under review. The index covers twenty-four countries: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Britain, Canada (Quebec, the rest of Canada), Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. Download the Codebook for further details.


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How to cite:
Kaya, Serdar. 2017. "State Policies toward Islam in Twenty Countries in Western Europe: The Accommodation of Islam Index." Muslim World Journal of Human Rights 14(1): 55-81. (doi: 10.1515/mwjhr-2016-0003)


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Updates:
v.2 (6 April 2018): Four new countries added to the data set: Australia, Canada (Quebec, rest of Canada), New Zealand, United States.


Future Updates:
New rows: Eastern European countries
New columns: The integration of Islam in state institutions (official recognition of Islam, formal relations between the state and representative Islamic institutions)
New years to be added: 2008